What is ergonomics? Does it apply to me and my business? Do I have to do anything about ergonomics? While the term "ergonomics" is somewhat strange and unusual sounding, the concept is simple. Ergonomics can be thought of as the study of the human body at work. More specifically, ergonomics evaluates the ways that people interact in their work environments and identifies those aspects of the job or workplace that put workers at risk for a musculoskeletal injury. Ergonomics also identifies ways to modify jobs and the workplace in order to reduce the risk of these types of injuries.