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Cashins & Associates Blog

Eileen Watkins

Recent Posts

HAZWOPER: Unraveling a Complicated Rule

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Thu, Sep, 10, 2020 @ 13:09 PM

OSHA probably broke the mold after it wrote the HAZWOPER Standard. This rule, which is officially titled "Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response" is pretty unique relative to the other OSHA Standards. Read on to learn more about this important, interesting, and complicated Standard.

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Topics: industrial hygiene, OSHA, "Hazwoper"

Changing Behaviors in Safety & Covid-19 Settings

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Fri, Aug, 21, 2020 @ 17:08 PM

We witness – and display - a variety of behaviors when we interact with family members, friends, and strangers. They result in outcomes which run the gamut from beneficial (rescuing someone from a burning building) to harmful (driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs).

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Topics: injury and illness prevention

An Introduction to Viruses & Bacteria

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Thu, Jun, 18, 2020 @ 16:06 PM

SARS-Co-V-2, the virus that is responsible for the current Covid-19 pandemic, is one of approximately 1400 infectious agents that can cause human disease. These infectious agents are also called human pathogens. They are responsible for a wide range of illnesses, from the typically innocuous common cold to deadly diseases like Tuberculosis and Ebola. There are 6 types of pathogens: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, helminths, and prions. This article focuses on viruses and bacteria, the most “popular” pathogens. How are they alike? How do they differ from each other?

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Topics: Coronavirus

Facemasks 101

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Fri, Jun, 05, 2020 @ 13:06 PM

Facemasks are everywhere!  You may wear them because an entity – your state or local government, your employer, or a business that you are patronizing – requires them.  Alternatively, you may wear them because you choose to protect yourself and/or others from exposures to airborne Covid-19 virus particles. 

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Topics: Personal protective equipment

Disinfecting to Prevent the COVID-19 Virus

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Tue, May, 26, 2020 @ 12:05 PM

The Covid-19 pandemic has prompted many people to think about ways to reduce their risk – or their company’s risk - of contracting this disease or spreading it to others.  An earlier article on this blog shared that infected individuals expel virus particles when they sneeze, cough, or simply breathe normally.  We become infected when we inhale these airborne virus particles. 

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Topics: Coronavirus

Choosing the Right PPE for Your Workers

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Wed, Mar, 11, 2020 @ 20:03 PM


Most employers have good intentions when it comes to choosing personal protective equipment (PPE) for their workers. Unfortunately, we often find that they don't give this process enough time or attention - and ultimately fail to comply with OSHA's PPE requirements.

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Topics: PPE

Beryllium in the Workplace:  OSHA Standards, Part 2

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Fri, Feb, 21, 2020 @ 14:02 PM

This article, which is a follow-up to our Part 1 blog, describes additional OSHA requirements for beryllium-exposed workers in the General Industry and Construction sectors.  We'll start with the OSHA requirements that are virtually identical to both sectors:

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Topics: industrial hygiene

Beryllium in the Workplace: OSHA Standards, Part 1

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Tue, Feb, 04, 2020 @ 10:02 AM

This article focuses on OSHA’s Beryllium Standards, in particular the Standards that apply to employers in the General Industry and Construction sectors. They were promulgated because OSHA recognized that its former Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) of 2 micrograms per cubic meter (µg/m3), was inadequate. In other words, workers exposed to beryllium at the 2 µg/m3 concentration were known to have an increased risk of developing adverse health effects, including allergic skin reactions, Chronic Beryllium Disease and/or lung cancer. This recognition, combined with OSHA’s assertion that employers can reduce beryllium exposures to much lower – and safer – levels using technology that is both available and feasible, prompted these new standards.

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Topics: industrial hygiene, occupational health

Beryllium in the Workplace:  Adverse Health Effects

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Thu, Nov, 07, 2019 @ 16:11 PM


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Topics: industrial hygiene, occupational health

Health and Safety, Working Surfaces & Fall Protection: OSHA rules for General Industry

Posted by Eileen Watkins on Thu, Jul, 13, 2017 @ 10:07 AM

If you're like most people, you probably think about the construction industry when the topic of fall-related injuries and deaths is brought up.  That makes sense, given that construction work often involves working at heights - and that falls account for 37% of all construction worker deaths.  

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Topics: Construction

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